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Book Reviews – Human Rights and Adolescence

Book Reviews - Human Rights and Adolescence

While young children’s rights have received considerable attention and have accordingly advanced over the past two decades, the rights of adolescents have been neglected. This manifests itself in pervasive gender-based violence, widespread youth disaffection and unemployment, concerning levels of self-abuse, violence and antisocial engagement, and serious mental and physical health deficits. The cost of inaction on these issues is likely to be dramatic in terms of human suffering, lost social and economic opportunities, and threats to global peace and security. Across the range of disciplines that make up contemporary human rights, from law and social advocacy to global health, history, economics, sociology, politics, and psychology, it is time, the contributors of this volume contend, for adolescent rights to occupy a coherent place of their own.

Human Rights and Adolescence presents a multifaceted inquiry into the global circumstances of adolescents, focusing on the human rights challenges and socioeconomic obstacles young adults face. Contributors use new research to advance feasible solutions and timely recommendations for a wide range of issues spanning all continents, from relevant international legal norms to neuropsychological adolescent brain development, gender discrimination in Indian education to Colombian child soldier recruitment, stigmatization of Roma youth in Europe to economic disempowerment of Middle Eastern and South African adolescents. Taken together, the research emphasizes the importance of dedicated attention to adolescence as a distinctive and critical phase of development between childhood and adulthood and outlines the task of building on the potential of adolescents while providing support for the challenges they experience.

Contributors: Theresa S. Betancourt, Jacqueline Bhabha, Krishna Bose, Neera Burra, Malcolm Bush, Jocelyn DeJong, Elizabeth Gibbons, Katrina Hann, Mary Kawar, Orla Kelly, David Mark, Margareta Matache, Clea McNeely, Glaudine Mtshali, Katie Naeve, Elizabeth A. Newnham, Victor Pineda, Irene Rizzini, Elena Rozzi, Christian Salazar Volkmann, Shantha Sinha, Laurence Steinberg, Kerry Thompson, Jean Zermatten, Moses Zombo.

PART I. UNDERSTANDING ADOLESCENCE:
DISCIPLINARY PERSPECTIVES
1. Protecting and Promoting Adolescent Rights: Th e Contribution
of International Law and Policy
Jean Zermatten 23
2. Transitions to Adulthood in Contemporary Italy: Balancing
Sociocultural Diff erences and Universal Rights
Elena Rozzi 39
3. Th e Science of Adolescent Brain Development and Its
Implications for Adolescent Rights and Responsibilities
Laurence Steinberg 59
4. Building Capability and Functioning: Reframing the Rights
Agenda for Adolescents Th rough the Lens of Disability Rights
Victor Pineda 77
5. Adolescent Social and Emotional Development: A Developmental
Science Perspective on Adolescent Human Rights
Clea McNeely and Krishna Bose 102
PART II. GROWING UP WITH VIOLENCE: ADOLESCENT TRAUMA,
STIGMA, AND RESILIENCE
6. Poverty, Armed Confl ict, and Or ga nized Crime: Th e Impact
of Violence on Young People in Colombia
Christian Salazar Volkmann 127
7. Coming of Age in the Context of War: Reframing the Approach
to Adolescent Rights
Th eresa S. Betancourt, Katrina Hann, and Moses Zombo 134
8. Wings of the Phoenix: Th e Legacy of Violence for Adolescents
in Postconfl ict Reconstruction
Elizabeth Gibbons 149
9. Adolescents in the Colombian Armed Conflict: Recruitment
Realities and Important Lessons for Their Successful Reintegration
Katie Naeve 170
PART III. SOCIAL INTERVENTIONS: STRATEGIC APPROACHES
TO ADOLESCENT RIGHTS
10. Young Arabs and Evolving Realities: Linking Social
and Economic Rights
Jocelyn DeJong and Mary Kawar 187
11. Th e Challenges Facing India in Advancing Secondary
Education Attainment Among Adolescent Girls
Orla Kelly and Elizabeth A. Newnham 217
12. Rights and Realities for Vulnerable Youth in Urban Brazil:
Challenges in the Transition to Adulthood
Irene Rizzini and Malcolm Bush 236
13. Youth Unemployment: Facing and Overcoming Obstacles
in Partnership
Glaudine Mtshali 251
14. Confi ned by Narrow Choices: Th e Stories of Roma Adolescents
Margareta Matache and David Mark 270
15. Beginning in the Middle: Ending the Exploitation of
Adolescents in India
Shantha Sinha 293
16. Indian Adolescence and Its Discontents: Transformational
Solutions Th rough Education, Skill Development,
and Employment
Neera Burra 309
17. Emerging from the Shadows: Adolescents with Disabilities
Claim Th eir Rights Under International Law
Kerry Th ompson 326

Book Reviews – Human Rights and Adolescence


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